The big bang theory for the development of our universe is now accepted as truth by nearly every astrophysicist; supported as it is by a great deal of evidence (including the cosmic background radiation, the observed velocities of galaxies, the distribution of elements throughout the galaxies, and the distribution of galaxies throughout space). But according to the Bible story in Genesis 1, however:
a. God creates the earth before creating “the light” (the sun?).
b. The original earth (or perhaps the whole universe since the language is ambiguous) is covered in water.
c. The sky, earth, and life were created in just six days (144 hours).
d. God created the earth before any of the stars.
e. God calls the Moon “a light source”–even though the Moon only “reflects” sunlight.
f. The earth is motionless and flat (Matthew 4:8, Ecclesiastes 1:5, Psalm 104:5, Psalm 96:10, 1 Chronicles 16:30, Joshua 10:12-13).
g. Christianity rejects Galileo’s theory for a heliocentric view of the universe.
h. God says the earth is a flat “circle”, not a “sphere” in Isaiah 40:22.
A literal reading of these Bible verses clearly contradicts the scientific evidence for how our earth and universe formed. The trouble with asking whether Science and Christianity are inherently contradictory is that the answer depends on which definitions of “Christianity” and “contradiction” we care to employ. If the question is whether a literal reading of some passages of the Bible are at odds with science, the answer is an unequivocal yes.
If we are willing to interpret the Bible as freely as we please, contradiction can be avoided. But then, of course, we are placed in the awkward position of choosing how literal each Bible verse should be taken, leading to a multitude of possible biblical interpretations and no final consensus.
Perhaps this “ambiguity” partially explains why some Christian denominations forbid condoms, while others don’t, some prohibit female preachers, while others don’t, some forbid masturbation, while others don’t, and so on and so forth. Metaphorical interpretation can lead to enormous variety in beliefs.
Cosmologists who are against the Bible include Neil DeGrasse Tyson, Stephen Hawking, Kip Stephen Thorne, David Nathaniel Spergel and Gary William Gibbons. Bible-thumping evangelicals who hate science include Pat Robertson, Kent Hovind, Kirk Cameron, Ken Ham, Texas governor Rick Perry and Ted Haggard. THE END